Our mission is to engage, educate, and inspire all learners to discover and explore the records of the American people preserved by the National Archives. The National Archives and Records Administration is the nation's record keeper. After the class discussion, direct students to read the next document: the decoded telegram. DocsTeach is a product of the National Archives education division. Then, they answer questions dissecting each source's purpose and reader's interpretation. Ask students to explain their opinions. .
On the decode worksheet, students may notice that numbers are associated with specific terms, that many of the terms are in another language specifically German , and that the places Mexico, Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona are noted. Federal government that are judged to have continuing value. Approximate time needed is 30 minutes. We hold in trust for the public the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, and the Bill of Rights — but also the records of ordinary citizens — at our locations around the country. Teaching activities on this site have received the ; authors have waived all copyright and related rights to the extent possible under the law. Zimmermann also invited Mexico to join the war on Germany's side if the United States did not stay neutral, in an effort to regain Mexico's lost territory of Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico. Ask students begin the activity and look at the first two documents: the encoded Zimmermann Telegram and the partial Decode Worksheet.
Document Analysis Worksheets Document analysis is the first step in working with primary sources. Except where otherwise noted, DocsTeach is licensed under a. Here, historians read and examine images taken from the Boston Massacre's witnesses and participants. For grades 6-12, working individually or in small groups, with breaks for class discussion. Share with students that, in an effort to protect their intelligence from detection and to capitalize on growing anti-German sentiment in the United States, the British waited until February 24 to present the telegram to Woodrow Wilson.
Teach your students to think through primary source documents for contextual understanding and to extract information to make informed judgments. This, along with Germany's resumption of submarine warfare, and other factors led the United States to declare war against Germany in April 1917 and enter World War One. You may share with students that in January of 1917, British codebreakers deciphered a telegram from German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmermann to the German Minister to Mexico, Heinrich von Eckhardt; this is known as the Zimmermann telegram. We save documents and other materials created in the course of business conducted by the U. Remind students to practice this same careful analysis with every primary source they see. On the encoded telegram, students may notice the series of numbers, a specific date, the places Mexico City and Galveston, and the terms German Legation and German Embassy. Move on to activities in which students use the primary sources as historical evidence, like on.
You may share with students that, in the message, Arthur Zimmermann, the Foreign Secretary of the German Empire, informed the Mexican government that Germany was going to resume unrestricted submarine warfare. Use these worksheets — for photos, written documents, artifacts, posters, maps, cartoons, videos, and sound recordings — to teach your students the process of document analysis. Conduct a class vote on whether or not the United States should have declared war on Germany based solely on the Zimmermann Telegram. See our for full terms and conditions. These worksheets were revised in February, 2017. Students should click When You're Done to answer the question: Do you think the United States should have entered World War I based on the Zimmermann Telegram alone? On April 6, 1917, the United States Congress formally declared war on Germany and its allies.
Students will be asked to identify the author, audience, and purpose. If you prefer the previous version of the worksheets, you can download them below. Suggested Teaching InstructionsThis activity can be used during a unit on U. The American press published news of the telegram on March 1. Explain to students that the Zimmermann Telegram helped draw the United States into the war and thus changed the course of history.
Analysis is just the foundation. Primary source documents included on this site generally come from the holdings of the National Archives and are in the public domain, except as noted. . . . . .
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